Books on Dhrupad
Efforts to notate and publish Dhrupad compositions started in the 19th Century when printing came to India. Dhrupad singers tried to notate and preserve compositions - the fixed repertoire of Dhrupad that encapsulated the musical knowledge and wisdom of many generations of Dhrupadiyas. Many of the manuscripts were only partly or never published. Some remained in private hands of descendants zealously guarded from the public and eventually lost or destroyed. With most of the repertoire of compositions of Dhrupad now lost or fragmented and distorted, it is a work of great importance to try to save whatever survives of books and unpublished manuscripts. Dhrupad singers who are traditionally trained and steeped in the knowledge of tradition can then use their training to reconstruct repair and restore compositions that have been distorted or lost and bring them back to life. I have over the last 30 years tried to collect and digitize published and unpublished works with my own resources and hope that a well funded initiative can be launched to carry out this task on a war footing. Below is a partial list of books I managed to digitize.
Search and digitization of rare works requires funds and donations supporting the work are welcome. Raw digital images of pages of copyright expired works available at 0.50 euro cents per page minimum 200 pages. (No Discounts possible). Proceeds will be used to finance the search for and digitization of more rare works on Dhrupad.
Sangeet Samuccaya 1924
complied and edited by Shivendranath Basu A compilation of notations of
compositions of mainly Dhrupad in various Ragas. The first volume has 72
compositions. The author writes that he has collected over a 1000
compositions and also instrumental Gats and pakhawaj compositions which
he hopes to publish in the future. The back cover of the first volume
mentions that the second volume is being printed. However it was
probably never printed.
Sangeet Kaladhar 1901 by Dahyalal Shivram state musician of Bhavnagar. Has notations of many compositions of Dhrupad in the Gujarati script.
Raga Kalpadrum 1916 (3
volumes) - the magnum opus of Krishnanand Vyas with a near exhaustive
listing of the texts of Dhrupad and Khyal compositions. Invaluable for
the work of removing distortions in compositions and also in
reconstructing lost parts of compositions.
Geet Vadya Sar Sangraha
1905- by Charucharan Mukhopadhyaya A collection of 250 compositions of
Dhrupad in notation. The author writes about a soon to be published 2nd
volume which again like in most cases never got printed.
Sangeet Chandrika by
Gopeshwar Banerjee, written in the early years of the 20th century by
the renowned Dhrupad singer of Vishnupur Gopeshwar Bannerjee. Contains
many Dhrupad compositions in the danda matrik system of notation that
is superior to what is commonly found in India, because it makes
provision for half and quarter notes. In the later editions the danda
matrik notation has been changed to the Bhatkhande system. The
compositions sound authentic, and are free from distortions that are
common in most published works. This is probably because the author was
himself a highly respected Dhrupad singer.
Sangeet Manjari 1909,
1935 by Ramprasanna Banerjee the elder brother of Gopeshwar Bannerjee.
Like the Sangeet Chandrika has many beautiful compositions. Again free
from distortions since the author was a highly respected Dhrupad singer.
The book is in the more accurate danda matrik notation.
Nad Vinod Granth 1896 by
Pannalal Goswami published in Delhi in Hindi and Urdu has many Sitar
Gats and the texts of some Dhrupad compositions.
Raga Prakash by Madhosingh Date of publication unknown. Has only the texts of many Dhrupad compositions. Sample_pdf
Sangeet Sudha Sagar early
1950s by Prankrishna Chattopadhyaya has notations of Dhrupad
compositions in rare ragas. The author was a disciple of Abban Khan of
Saharanpur of the Dagar tradition and Nihal Sen Seni of Jaipur. The book
is a part of vol 1 of a much larger work which probably never got
Sangeet Sudha 1928 by Shivprasad Tripathi. Has several Khyal, Chaturang, Dhrupad compositions in notation.
Shiva Sangeet Prakash 1934 by Shivprasad Tripathi. Has several Dhrupad compositions in notation.
Dhrupad Svarlipi 1929 by Harinarayan Mukhopadhyay, published in Allahabad contains many dhrupad compositions.
Gita Sutra Sar 2nd
edition 1939 by Krishnadhan Banerjee in two volumes It is mentioned in
the preface of Sangeet Manjari of Ramprasanna Bannerjee as the only book
of its kind available till the publication of the Manjari. Vol. 2 has
Dhrupad compositions in western staff notation.
Sarod Rasa Chandrika 1945
by Nirendrakrishna Mitra - Has instrumental compositions (gats) in 312
ragas attributed to Ustad Mohammad Amir Khan the teacher of the author. The
interesting thing is that the gats are classified into the four dhrupad
banis - gauhar, dagar, khandar and nauhar..
Seni Geetimala 1936 by Shaukat Ali Khan- Has notations of Seni Dhrupad compositions and also Khyal and Tappa.
Laya Prashna 19th century -Kudao Singh - Handwritten manuscript of the great pakhawaj player of Datia.
Sangit Prakashika, Sangeet Vigyan Praveshika - monthly journals from early 20th century with
notations of Dhrupad compositions contributed by well known dhrupad
singers of the time like Radhikaprasad Goswami and others.
Shishir Svaralipi - early 20th century compilation of dhrupad compositions by Shishir Kumar Ghosh the founder of the Amrita Bazar Patrika
notations of Dhrupad compositions contributed by Ramdas Goswami and others.
Prachin Dhrupad Svaralipi (Bengali) six volumes - by Harinarayam Mukhopadhyay student of Ramdas Goswami.
Marifunnagamat by Nawab
Ali Khan in three volumes. The second and third volumes have many fine
Dhrupad compositions of the Senis (decendants of Tansen). Some of the
compositions were contributed by Ustad Abban Khan of Saharanpur who
belonged to the Dagar family ( he was a disciple of Baba Behram Khan and
maternal grandfather of Ustad Fahimuddin Dagar) and by Kale Nazir Khan a
disciple of Allabande Khan.
Rag Vigyan by Vinayakrao Patwardhan - Has compositions mainly of khyal but also a significant number of Dhrupads.
Sangeetanjali by Omkarnath Thakur - Has compositions mainly of khyal but also a significant number of Dhrupads.
Dhrupad Dhamar by Balasaheb Poochwale - Has Dhrupad compositions from the tradition of Vamanbua Deshpande of Gwalior.
- Baba Behram Khan
- Zakiruddin Khan
- Allabande Khan
- Ziauddin Khan
- Nasiruddin Khan
- Rahimuddin Dagar
- Imamuddin Khan
- Hussainuddin Dagar
- Nasir Moinuddin Dagar
- Nasir Aminuddin Dagar
- Zia Mohiuddin Dagar
- Rahim Fahimuddin Dagar
- Nasir Zahiruddin & Nasir Faiyazuddin Dagar
- Zia Fariduddin Dagar
- Hussain Sayeeduddin Dagar
- Dagar Brothers